Downfall Of USSR : Technology Perspective
The USSR collapsed in 1991. The disintegration of the USSR led to the formation of around 15 independent countries on the global map. There are many reasons for the disintegration of the USSR. Among these, the Glasnost (openness) and Perestroika (Restructuring) are the major reasons. Apart from that, there is one one interesting aspect of the disintegration of the USSR. That aspect is the technology.
The USSR was very large in a geographical areas. The Russian revolution took place in 1917; The communist government came into power there. The communist government established the collectivization system throughout the USSR. Collectivization was the system whereby the individual’s land and farm were put together for agricultural purposes. In this system, the Russian government appointed its cadre/ personnel to oversee all the operations. The comrades used to send detailed information happening in their respective areas to the central authority in Moscow. So, the central government in Moscow was very well aware of the aspirations of the Russian population.
In the initial decades of the Russian revolution, the population was limited. So whatever information the comrade got was limited. So, the central authority in Moscow could easily analyze the information and make policies to accommodate the aspirations of the people.
But as time went on, the population started to increase. Now, there was a huge inflow of information from the countryside. The central authority in Moscow was not able to analyze the whole information. That affected their policy formulation in such a way that their policy could not satisfy the aspirations of the Russian people.
As the Russian people’s aspirations were not fulfilled by the central government, discontentment started to spread among the people. This discontentment led to the protest movement in different Republics of the USSR. This led to the process of secession in many Republic states. Finally, in 1991, the complete breakdown of the USSR took place.
To conclude, The inability of the USSR to develop the technology and system to understand the people’s aspirations led to the disintegration of the USSR.